There are a number of references available for the researcher, and most books contain details of further reading.

I have not attempted to duplicate them here, although if I have used a quote, or specifically mentioned a reference, I have given details for completeness. The best advice I can offer, is to have a look at Rob de Bie's Messerschmitt Me 163 web site, which contains an exhaustive set of references about the Komet and Walter engines. Many of them are interesting. Some of them are recommended reading.

Here are listed the more technical references which I have been able to use to gather the information presented through this web site. Where they can be viewed, I have also listed the physical locations and reference codes to help pull them off the shelf.



  1. Aylen, Commander (E) I.C. R.N.: Walterwerke Kiel: History of the Occupation by the Allies.
    Dept. Scientific Research, Admiralty.
    P.R.O. London   ADM 283 / 2
  2. Baxter, A.D.: Walter Experience with Hydrogen Peroxide and Related Chemical and Metallurgical Features.
    RAE Technote Aero 1669.
    July 1945.
    P.R.O. London   AVIA 6 / 9235
  3. Baxter, A.D.: Walter Rocket Motors for Aircraft.
    RAE Technote Aero 1668.
    September 1945.
    P.R.O. London   AVIA 6 / 10783
  4. Baxter, A.D. and Kell, C.: Walter Rocket Motor Testing Techniques and Equipment.
    RAE Technote Aero 1670.
    March 1946.
    P.R.O. London   Avia 6 / 10785
  5. Becklake, J.: German Engineers: Their Contribution to British Technology after World War II.
    History of Rocketry and Astronautics: AAS Vol.22
    AAS California 1998.
  6. Beeton, F/Lt. A.B.P.: Information on Walter Rocket Propulsion Units developed from 1936 to 1945.
    RAE Technote Gas 12.
    March 1946.
    P.R.O. London   Avia 6 / 14543
  7. Benecke, T.H. and Quick, A.W.: History of German Guided Missiles Development.
    AGARD First Guided Missiles Seminar.
  8. Brown, Captain E. CBE DSC AFC RN: Wings of the Luftwaffe.
    Macdonald and Janes, London.
    1977.     ISBN: 0354 01075 1.
  9. Cobb, D.B.: Foreign Aircraft: DFS 228.
    RAE Technote FA.280. (Draft)
  10. Dressel, J. and Griehl, M.: Die Deutschen Raketenflugzeuge 1939-45.
    Motorbuch Verlag
  11. Ethell, J.: Komet - The Messerschmitt Me.163.
    Ian Allen.
    1978.     ISBN: 0-7110-0827-2.
  12. Foreign Aircraft Bulletin: No.23. DFS 228 Stratospheric Reconnaissance Aircraft:
    September 1945.
    PRO DSIR 23/14882
  13. Green, William: Rocket Fighter: Purnell's History of the Second World War - Weapons Book 20.
  14. Harris, Major N.M.: The Guided AA Rocket "Enzian".
    RAE Technote RAE/RPD 647.
  15. Hogg, I.: German Secret Weapons of World Ward 2.
  16. Humphries, John: Rockets and Guided Missiles.
    Ernest Benn Ltd.
  17. Kell, C.: Method of operating and testing the 109-509 bifuel liquid rocket motor.
    RAE Technote Aero Gas.10.
    P.R.O. London   Avia 6 / 14541
  18. Kell, C. and Sunley, H.L.G.: The Walter 109-509.A-2 Bi-Fuel Aircraft Rocket Motor.
    RAE Technote Aero Gas.2.
    P.R.O. London   Avia 6 / 14524
  19. King, H.F.: German Jet propulsion Units.
    A.I.2(g) Report No.2373.
    5th September 1945.
    P.R.O. London   Air 40 / 94
  20. Military Intelligence Division: Handbook on Guided Missiles of Germany and Japan.
    War Department, Washington.
    P.R.O. London   AIR 40 / 2545
  21. Murray, R.C. Ph.D: Developments in Liquid Bi-Fuel Rocket Technique at the MOS Establishment
    Germany. Jan-June 1946.
    RAE Technote Chemistry Ch.986.
    August 1946.
  22. Oberkommando der Luftwaffe: Teil 0 - Teil 9: Flugzeug Handbuch - Me.163B.
  23. Pocock, Rowland F.: German Guided Missiles.
    Ian Allen, London.
  24. Rockman, S.: Jet Propulsion Rocket Motor Development.
    Descriptions and Sketches of Rocket Motors Developed by Wilhelm Schmidding Werke for Various Glider Bombs.
    UWD, Admiralty. P.G. 11533
    12th October 1943.
    P.R.O. London   ADM 213 / 350
  25. Späte, Wolfgang: Top Secret Bird.
    Pictorial Histories Publishing Company.
    1989.     ISBN: 0 929521 08 0.
  26. Späte, Wolfgang and Bateson, Richard: Profile 225 - Messerschmitt Me.163 Komet.
    Profile Publications.
  27. Staff RAE Engine Dept.: Examination of a German Rocket Motor used for Assisted Take-Off.
    RAE Tech.Note E.A.204
    March 1944.
    P.R.O. London  
  28. Stemmer, Josef: Raketenantriebe; Ihre Entwicklung, Anwendung und Zukunft.
    Schweizer Druck und Verlagshaus.
  29. Stiff, Lieut. R.C. U.S.N.R.: Rocket Power Plants Designed and Constructed by Walter Werke, Kiel.
    CIOS File No.XXX-115.
  30. Stiff, Lieut. R.C. U.S.N.R.: A Summary of German Rocket Power Plants.
    CIOS File No.XXXII-75.
  31. Topps, J.E.C.: Examination of a German Rocket Motor used for Assisted Take-Off.
    Power Jets Report R.1065.
    April 1945.
  32. West, Kenneth W.: The Captive Luftwaffe.
    Putnam and Co.
  33. Zborowski, Helmut Von: BMW Developments.
    AGARD First Guided Missiles Seminar.
  34. Ziegler, Mano: Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet.
    Schiffer Military History Vol.20.
    1990.     ISBN: 0 88740 232 1.

Notes. "P.R.O." is the National Archive (formerly the Public Record Office), in Kew in London.
Records are available for viewing to people holding a valid Readers' Ticket.
Readers' Tickets are easily obtained by British nationals, but visitors from other countries are strongly advised to contact the National Archive for advice before their arrival. Staff are helpful, but few in number and although there are large indexes, with the millions of documents available, one needs a clear idea of what one is searching for or time is easily lost: (although searching can be interesting and rewarding).



I would like to offer my greatful thanks to the following people and organisations for their help in providing me with information and illustrations, access to the various Walter motors for making notes and taking photographs, or access to documents.

Adam Smith and Grant Newman ex of the Museum of Flight in Scotland
Alan Scheckenbach
Bruce Grinstead
Ed Maloney at the Planes of Fame Museum
Cindy and Ken Keller of the Planes of Fame Museum
DERA - RAE Farnborough Archive
Frank Henriquez
Imperial War Museum, Duxford
Jimmy Ray in Arizona
Ludo Kloek
RAF Museum Cosford (Al Maclean, Phil Jones and Claire Davies)
Reinhold (and Annette and Katharina) Stadler
Rob de Bie
The Shuttleworth Collection, particularly Ken Hyde and Eddie Longcroft

Web Master Shamus Reddin   [SR Logo]
-: Home :- -: Me.163 :- -: Design :- -: A. T. O. :- -: Missiles :- -: Preserved Motors :-